Effect of fission generated defects and porosity on thermo-mechanical properties of thorium dioxide
MJ Rahman and B Szpunar and JA Szpunar, JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 510, 19-26 (2018).
The effect of fission product (FP) defects and porosity on thermo- mechanical properties of ThO2 within 300-1500 K has been investigated using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We consider two typical FPs: Xe and Kr (0-2% defect). Our results indicate that these FPs reduce the thermal expansion (alpha) at low temperature; however, alpha of the defected system is similar to that of pure ThO2 at the elevated temperature. For porous ThO2 (0-5% porosity), alpha is within 5% of that of pure system at all studied temperature. The elastic modulus at finite temperature decreases linearly with the increase in the concentration of Xe, Kr and porosity. The degree of reduction (R) in elastic modulus follows the trend R-Xe> R-Kr > R-Porosity for all the studied concentration of defects. The MD derived changes in the elastic modulus by FPs and porosities can be well described by the affine functions. We report that the porous ThO2 shows higher reduction in elastic properties than porous UO2. A detail calculation of 0 K properties as a function of defect concentration is presented. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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