Synthesis of bismuth telluride nanotubes and their simulated thermal properties

A Danine and K Termentzidis and S Schaefer and S Li and W Ensinger and C Boulanger and D Lacroix and N Stein, SUPERLATTICES AND MICROSTRUCTURES, 122, 587-595 (2018).

DOI: 10.1016/j.spmi.2018.06.042

Bi2Te3 nanotubes have been fabricated by a two-step process at room temperature in aqueous mediums. Nanocrystalline nickel nanotubes were synthesized by electroless deposition in ion track template membranes and they were employed as sacrificial materials to order to transform it into nanotubes of bismuth telluride by Galvanic Displacement Reaction. Bright field imaging in a transmission electron microscopy (TEM) shows outstanding well-defined bismuth telluride nanotubes with outer diameter of 634 +/- 16 nm and wall thickness of 52 +/- 2 nm. Energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) shows a chemical composition of Bi1.6Te3.4 whereas Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM) indicates that Bi and Te appear homogenously distributed across the nanotubes. Additionally, the thermal conductivity of the amorphous nano tubes has been simulated with means of Molecular Dynamics (MD) and they show an ultralow thermal conductivity of 0.316 W m(-1).K-1. Therefore, these structures might be interesting candidates for thermoelectric materials.

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