Electrical percolation threshold of magnetostrictive inclusions in a piezoelectric matrix under simulated sintering conditions

AJ Bedard and EJ Barbero, COMPUTATIONAL PARTICLE MECHANICS, 5, 593-605 (2018).

DOI: 10.1007/s40571-018-0192-9

Magnetoelectric (ME) composites can be produced by embedding magnetostrictive H particles in a piezoelectric E matrix derived from a piezoelectric powder precursor. Previously, using a bi-disperse hard- shell model (Barbero and Bedard in Comput Part Mech, 2018. 10.1007/s40571-017-0165-4), it has been shown that the electrical percolation threshold of the conductive H phase can be increased by decreasing the piezoelectric E particle size, relative to the H phase particle size, and by increasing short-range affinity between the E and H particles. This study builds on our previous study by exploring what happens during sintering of the ME composite when either the H or E particles undergo deformation. It was found that deformation of the H particles reduces the percolation threshold, and that deformation of E particles increases inter-phase H-E mechanical coupling, thus contributing to enhancing of ME coupling.

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