Cross-slip of long dislocations in FCC solid solutions
WG Nohring and WA Curtin, ACTA MATERIALIA, 158, 95-117 (2018).
Cross-slip of screw dislocations is a dislocation process involved in dislocation structuring, work hardening, and fatigue. Cross-slip nucleation in FCC solid solution alloys has recently been shown to be strongly influenced by local fluctuations in spatial arrangement of solutes, leading to a statistical distribution of cross-slip nucleation barriers. For cross-slip to be effective macroscopically, however, small cross-slip nuclei (similar to 40b) must expand across the entire length of typical dislocation segments (10(2)-10(3)b). Here, a model is developed to compute the relevant activation energy distribution for cross-slip in a random FCC alloy over arbitrary lengths and under non- zero Escaig and Schmid stresses. The model considers cross-slip as a random walk of successive flips of adjacent 1b segments, with each flip having an energy consisting of a deterministic contribution due to constriction formation and stress effects, plus a stochastic contribution. The corresponding distribution is computed analytically from solute dislocation and solute-solute binding energies. At zero stress, the probability of high activation energies increases with dislocation length. However, at stresses of just a few MPa, these barriers are eliminated and lower barriers are dominant. For increasing segment length, the effective energy barrier decreases according to a weak-link scaling relationship and good analytic predictions can be made using only known material properties. Overall, these results show that the effective cross-slip barrier in a random alloy is significantly lower than estimates based on average elastic and stacking fault properties of the alloy. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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