A local resonance mechanism for thermal rectification in pristine/branched graphene nanoribbon junctions

XK Chen and J Liu and ZX Xie and Y Zhang and YX Deng and KQ Chen, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 113, 121906 (2018).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5053233

Using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate thermal rectification (TR) in pristine/branched graphene nanoribbon (GNR) junctions. The results indicate that the TR ratio of such junctions can reach 470% under small temperature bias, which has distinct superiority over asymmetric GNR and many other junctions. Moreover, the TR ratio decreases rapidly as the applied temperature bias increases. It seems to be against common sense that the TR ratio generally increases with temperature bias. Phonon spectra analyses reveal that the observed phenomena stem from the local resonance of longitudinal phonons in branched GNR region under negative temperature bias. Furthermore, the influence of ambient temperature, system length, branch number, and defect density is studied to obtain the optimum conditions for TR. This work extends local resonance mechanism to GNR for thermal signal manipulation. Published by AIP Publishing.

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