Spatially-correlated site occupancy in the nonstoichiometric meta-stable epsilon-Al60Sm11 phase during devitrification of Al-10.2 at.% Sm glasses
L Yang and F Zhang and FQ Meng and L Zhou and Y Sun and X Zhao and Z Ye and MJ Kramer and CZ Wang and KM Ho, ACTA MATERIALIA, 156, 97-103 (2018).
A metastable epsilon-Al60Sm11 phase appears during the initial devitrification of as-quenched Al-10.2 at.% Sm glasses. The epsilon phase is nonstoichiometric in nature since Al occupation is observed on the 16f Sm lattice sites. Scanning transmission electron microscopic images reveal profound spatial correlation of Sm content on these sites, which cannot be explained by the "average crystal" description from Rietveld analysis of diffraction data. Thermodynamically favorable configurations, established by Monte Carlo (MC) simulations based on a cluster-expansion model, also give qualitatively different correlation functions from experimental observations. On the other hand, molecular dynamics simulations of the growth of epsilon-Al60Sm11 in undercooled liquid show that when the diffusion range of Sm is limited to similar to 4 angstrom, the correlation function of the as-grown crystal structure agrees well with that of the scanning transmission electronic microscopy (STEM) images. Our results show that kinetic effects, especially the limited diffusivity of Sm atoms plays the fundamental role in determining the nonstoichiometric site occupancies of the epsilon- Al60Sm11 phase during the crystallization process. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Acta Materialia Inc.
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