Development of a generalized hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm to generate the multicanonical ensemble with applications to molecular systems

N Mukuta and S Miura, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 149, 072322 (2018).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5028466

In the present paper, a generalized hybrid Monte Carlo method to generate the multicanonical ensemble has been developed, which is a generalization of the multicanonical hybrid Monte Carlo (HMC) method by Hansmann and co-workers Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 321 (1996). The generalized hybrid Monte Carlo (GHMC) method is an equations-of-motion guided Monte Carlo combined with partial momentum refreshment. We successfully applied our multicanonical GHMC to dense Lennard-Jones fluids and a coarse grained protein model. It is found that good computational efficiency can be gained in the case of the acceptance ratio around 60% for the models examined. While a large number of molecular dynamics (MD) steps in a single GHMC cycle is needed to yield good computational efficiency at a large mixing ratio of momenta with thermal noise vectors, corresponding to the original multicanonical HMC method, a small number of MD steps are enough to achieve good efficiency at a small mixing ratio. This property is useful to develop a composite algorithm combining the present GHMC method with other Monte Carlo moves. Published by AIP Publishing.

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