Buckling behaviors of single-walled carbon nanotubes inserted with a linear carbon-atom chain
CH Zhu and YF Chen and RM Liu and JH Zhao, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 29, 335704 (2018).
Buckling behaviors of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) inserted with a linear carbon-atom chain (CAC) (the composite structures are also called carbon nanowires (CNWs)) under torsion and bending as well as compression are studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, respectively. Our MD results show that the critical buckling angles (or strains) of CNWs under the three presented kinds of loading patterns can be two times those of corresponding independent SWCNTs for long CNWs, while the buckling improvement is not obvious for short ones. The main reason is that the radial van der Waals force between the CAC and the SWCNT is very small for a short CNW, while it increases with increasing length and then tends to a constant for a long CNW. The obtained MD results agree well with those from available theoretical models. These findings will be a great help towards understanding the stability and reliability of the special CNT structures, and designing flexible CNT- based devices.
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