"Two-Phase" Thermodynamics of the Frenkel Line

TJ Yoon and MY Ha and WB Lee and YW Lee, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 9, 4550-4554 (2018).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01955

The Frenkel line, a crossover line between rigid and nonrigid dynamics of fluid particles, has recently been the subject of intense debate regarding its relevance as a partitioning line of the supercritical phase, where the main criticism comes from the theoretical treatment of collective particle dynamics. From an independent point of view, this Letter suggests that the two-phase thermodynamics model may alleviate this contentious situation. The model offers new criteria for defining the Frenkel line in the supercritical region and builds a robust connection among the preexisting, seemingly inconsistent definitions. In addition, one of the dynamic criteria locates the rigid-nonrigid transition of the soft-sphere and the hard-sphere models. Hence, we suggest the Frenkel line be considered as a dynamic rigid-nonrigid fluid boundary, without any relation to gas-liquid transition. These findings provide an integrative viewpoint combining fragmentized definitions of the Frenkel line, allowing future studies to be carried out in a more reliable manner.

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