Universal Mechanism of Viscoplastic Deformation of Metallic Materials Far from Thermodynamics Equilibrium
E Zasimchuk and O Baskova and O Gatsenko and T Turchak, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, 27, 4183-4196 (2018).
The article gives results of structure formation in metallic materials after different types of deformation: tungsten after rolling, nickel after thermal cycling and nickel single crystal after rolling, aluminum single crystal after cyclic tension and aluminum alloys (D16, 2024-T3) after impulsive load. We used optical and electron microscopy methods for investigation of deformation structure formation and molecular dynamics method for computer modeling of the processes of plastic deformation (LAMMPS software). The following quantitative parameters were calculated during the simulation: energy of pair interaction, temperature, total cumulative pressure, stress tensor and pressure tensor. The study shows that the plastic flow of metallic materials with any initial structure at certain loading stage can be carried out by homogeneous mass transfer through channels with a liquid-like structure, from which follows that the dislocation mechanism of plastic deformation of crystals has a limited field of application. The main role has a synergistic structure formation in the conditions of distance from thermodynamic equilibrium. The relaxation processes proceed intensively after and during the process of destruction. The results of modeling have shown the possibility of forming channels of hydrodynamic flow without the participation of defects in the initial material.
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