Indirect-to-Direct Band Gap Transition of Si Nanosheets: Effect of Biaxial Strain

BH Kim and M Park and G Kim and K Hermansson and P Broqvist and HJ Choi and KR Lee, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 122, 15297-15303 (2018).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b02239

The effect of biaxial strain on the band structure of two-dimensional silicon nanosheets (Si NSs) with (111), (110), and (001) exposed surfaces was investigated by means of density functional theory calculations. For all the considered Si NSs, an indirect-to-direct band gap transition occurs as the lateral dimensions of Si NSs increase; that is, increasing lateral biaxial strain from compressive to tensile always enhances the direct band gap characteristics. Further analysis revealed the mechanism of the transition which is caused by preferential shifts of the conduction band edge at a specific k-point because of their bond characteristics. Our results explain a photoluminescence result of the (111) Si NSs U. Kim et al., ACS Nano 2011,.5, 2176-2181 in terms of the plausible tensile strain imposed in the unoxidized inner layer by surface oxidation.

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