Molecular dynamics investigation of energy transfer during gas-surface collisions
N Andric and P Jenny, PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 30, 077104 (2018).
In this work, the energy transfer in gas-surface collisions is investigated using the molecular dynamics method. The numerical setup consists of a nitrogen molecule scattering from a graphite surface. The main focus is put on the energy redistribution between different molecular kinetic modes and the surface for the case of strong thermal non-equilibrium. The thermal non-equilibrium is defined as the state when either translational or rotational temperature of impinging molecules differs significantly from that of the surface. Accordingly, two different scenarios have been examined, including rotational and translational excitation of the initial molecular state. In contrast to the molecular beam method, the initial molecular velocities are sampled from the equilibrium Maxwellian distribution, ensuring isotropic incidence angles and energies. The obtained results are expressed in the form of energy transfer coefficients, which are used to quantify the normalized energy loss or gain in a specific mode. Furthermore, the velocity distributions of reflected molecules are analyzed and compared with some of the available wall kernels, providing further insight into the nature of the energy transfer dynamics and scattering process. Additionally, the numerical setup is tested against the available molecular beam experimental data and the obtained results were used to select a suitable numerical force field. Published by AIP Publishing.
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