Maximally resolved anharmonic OH vibrational spectrum of the water/ZnO(10(1)over-bar0) interface from a high-dimensional neural network potential

V Quaranta and M Hellstrom and J Behler and J Kullgren and PD Mitev and K Hermansson, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 148, 241720 (2018).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5012980

Unraveling the atomistic details of solid/liquid interfaces, e.g., by means of vibrational spectroscopy, is of vital importance in numerous applications, from electrochemistry to heterogeneous catalysis. Water- oxide interfaces represent a formidable challenge because a large variety of molecular and dissociated water species are present at the surface. Here, we present a comprehensive theoretical analysis of the anharmonic OH stretching vibrations at the water/ZnO(10 (1) over bar0) interface as a prototypical case. Molecular dynamics simulations employing a reactive high-dimensional neural network potential based on density functional theory calculations have been used to sample the interfacial structures. In the second step, one-dimensional potential energy curves have been generated for a large number of configurations to solve the nuclear Schrodinger equation. We find that (i) the ZnO surface gives rise to OH frequency shifts up to a distance of about 4 angstrom from the surface; (ii) the spectrum contains a number of overlapping signals arising from different chemical species, with the frequencies decreasing in the order v (adsorbed hydroxide) > v (non- adsorbed water) > v (surface hydroxide) > v (adsorbed water); (iii) stretching frequencies are strongly influenced by the hydrogen bond pattern of these interfacial species. Finally, we have been able to identify substantial correlations between the stretching frequencies and hydrogen bond lengths for all species. Published by AIP Publishing.

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