Tracking Ionic Rearrangements and Interpreting Dynamic Volumetric Changes in Two-Dimensional Metal Carbide Supercapacitors: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study

K Xu and ZF Lin and C Merlet and PL Taberna and L Miao and JJ Jiang and P Simon, CHEMSUSCHEM, 11, 1892-1899 (2018).

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201702068

We present a molecular dynamics simulation study achieved on two- dimensional (2D) Ti3C2Tx MXenes in the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMIM(+)TFSI(-)) electrolyte. Our simulations reproduce the different patterns of volumetric change observed experimentally for both the negative and positive electrodes. The analysis of ionic fluxes and structure rearrangements in the 2D material provide an atomic scale insight into the charge and discharge processes in the layer pore and confirm the existence of two different charge-storage mechanisms at the negative and positive electrodes. The ionic number variation and the structure rearrangement contribute to the dynamic volumetric changes of both electrodes: negative electrode expansion and positive electrode contraction.

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