The linear relationship between diffusivity and crystallization kinetics in a deeply supercooled liquid Ni50Ti50 alloy

SM An and Y Li and JH Li and S Zhao and BX Liu and PF Guan, ACTA MATERIALIA, 152, 1-6 (2018).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2018.04.008

The NiTi amorphous alloys are heated to melting (just above T-g) using pulsed laser irradiation to manufacture NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs). It has been found that the crystallization of these deeply supercooled Ni50Ti50 liquids is unexpectedly fast. Despite the technological importance, the origin of this fast crystallization behavior, however, still remains elusive. In this work, we investigate the crystallization process of deeply supercooled Ni50Ti50 liquids (700-825 K) via molecular dynamics simulation. Through the extensive simulations, we reveal the ultrafast crystallization behavior and, more importantly, establish the strong non-Arrhenius temperature dependence of the kinetic coefficient u(kin) for the crystal growth. The linear relationship between u(kin) and the diffusion coefficient D obtained from this work provides compelling evidence that the fast crystallization behavior at large supercoolings is rooted in the atomic diffusivity rather than the viscosity, which is the consequence of the breakdown in the Stokes- Einstein relation. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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