Molecular dynamics simulation of temperature effects on deposition of Cu film on Si by magnetron sputtering

G Zhu and JP Sun and LB Zhang and ZY Gan, JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH, 492, 60-66 (2018).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2018.04.002

The temperature effects on the growth of Cu thin film on Si (0 0 1) in the context of magnetron sputtering deposition were systematically studied using molecular dynamics (MD) method. To improve the comparability of simulation results at varying temperatures, the initial status data of incident Cu atoms used in all simulations were read from an identical file via LAMMPS-Python interface. In particular, crystalline microstructure, interface mixing and internal stress of Cu thin film deposited at different temperatures were investigated in detail. With raising the substrate temperature, the interspecies mixed volume and the proportion of face-centered cubic (fcc) structure in the deposited film both increased, while the internal compressive stress decreased. It was found that the fee structure in the deposited Cu thin films was < 111 > oriented, which was reasonably explained by surface energy minimization and the selectivity of bombardment energy to the crystalline planes. The quantified analysis of interface mixing revealed that the diffusion of Cu atoms dominated the interface mixing, and the injection of incident Cu atoms resulted in the densification of phase near the film-substrate interface. More important, the distribution of atomic stress indicated that the compressive stress was mainly originated from the filmsubstrate interface, which might be attributed to the densification of interfacial phase at the initial stage of film deposition. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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