Ionic Liquid Selectively Facilitates CO2 Transport through Graphene Oxide Membrane

W Ying and JS Cai and K Zhou and DK Chen and YL Ying and Y Guo and XQ Kong and ZP Xu and XS Peng, ACS NANO, 12, 5385-5393 (2018).

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b00367

Membrane separation of CO2 from H-2, N-2, or CH4 has economic benefits. However, the trade-off between selectivity and permanence in membrane "separation is challenging. Here, we prepared a high-performance CO2- philic membrane by confining the BMIM BF4 ionic liquid to the nanochannels in a laminated graphene oxide membrane. Nanoconfinement causes the BMIM BF4 cations and anions to stratify. The layered anions facilitate CO2 transportation with a permeance of 68.5 GPU. The CO2/H-2, CO2/CH4, and CO2/N-2 selectivities are 24, 234, and 382, respectively, which are up to 7 times higher than that of GO-based membranes and superior to the 2008 Robeson upper bound. Additionally, the resultant membrane has a high-temperature resistance, long-term durability, and high-pressure stability, indicating its great potential for CO2 separation applications. Nanoconfining an ionic liquid into the two-dimensional nanochannels of a laminated membrane is a promising gas separation method and a nice system for investigating ionic liquid behavior in nanoconfined environments.

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