Diffusive molecular dynamics simulations of lithiation of silicon nanopillars

JP Mendez and M Ponga and M Ortiz, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, 115, 123-141 (2018).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2018.03.008

We report diffusive molecular dynamics simulations concerned with the lithiation of Si nano-pillars, i.e., nano-sized Si rods held at both ends by rigid supports. The duration of the lithiation process is of the order of milliseconds, well outside the range of molecular dynamics but readily accessible to diffusive molecular dynamics. The simulations predict an alloy Li15Si4 at the fully lithiated phase, exceedingly large and transient volume increments up to 300% due to the weakening of Si-Si iterations, a crystalline-to-amorphous-tolithiation phase transition governed by interface kinetics, high misfit strains and residual stresses resulting in surface cracks and severe structural degradation in the form of extensive porosity, among other effects. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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