Anomalous diffusion of water molecules at grain boundaries in ice I-h
PAFP Moreira and RGD Veiga and ID Ribeiro and R Freitas and J Helfferich and M de Koning, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 20, 13944-13951 (2018).
Using ab initio and classical molecular dynamics simulations, we study pre-melting phenomena in pristine coincident-site-lattice grain boundaries (GBs) in proton-disordered hexagonal ice I-h at temperatures just below the melting point T-m. Concerning pre-melt-layer thicknesses, the results are consistent with the available experimental estimates for low-disorder impurity-free GBs. With regard to molecular mobility, the simulations provide a key new insight: the translational motion of the water molecules is found to be subdiffusive for time scales from approximate to 10 ns up to at least 0.1 s. Moreover, the fact that the anomalous diffusion occurs even at temperatures just below T-m where the bulk supercooled liquid still diffuses normally suggests that it is related to the confinement of the GB pre-melt layers by the surrounding crystalline environment. Furthermore, we show that this behavior can be characterized by continuous-time random walk models in which the waiting-time distributions decay according to power-laws that are very similar to those describing dynamics in glass-forming systems.
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