Thermal conductivity of silicon using reverse non-equilibrium molecular dynamics
MS El-Genk and K Talaat and BJ Cowen, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 123, 205104 (2018).
Simulations are performed using the reverse non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (rNEMD) method and the Stillinger-Weber (SW) potential to determine the input parameters for achieving +/- 1% convergence of the calculated thermal conductivity of silicon. These parameters are then used to investigate the effects of the interatomic potentials of SW, Tersoff II, Environment Dependent Interatomic Potential (EDIP), Second Nearest Neighbor, Modified Embedded-Atom Method (MEAM), and Highly Optimized Empirical Potential MEAM on determining the bulk thermal conductivity as a function of temperature (400-1000 K). At temperatures > 400 K, data collection and swap periods of 15 ns and 150 fs, system size >= 6 x 6 UC2 and system lengths >= 192 UC are adequate for +/- 1% convergence with all potentials, regardless of the time step size (0.1-0.5 fs). This is also true at 400 K, except for the SW potential, which requires a data collection period >= 30 ns. The calculated bulk thermal conductivities using the rNEMD method and the EDIP potential are close to, but lower than experimental values. The 10% difference at 400 K increases gradually to 20% at 1000 K. Published by AIP Publishing.
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