Mechanical properties of hollow and water-filled graphyne nanotube and carbon nanotube hybrid structure
GP Lei and YY Zhang and HT Liu and FH Song, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 29, 195702 (2018).
By performing molecular dynamics simulations, a GNT/CNT hybrid structure constructed via combing (6, 6) graphyne nanotube (GNT) with (6, 6) carbon nanotube (CNT) has been designed and investigated. The mechanical properties induced by the percentage of GNT, water content and electric field were examined. Calculation results reveal that the fracture strain and strength of hollow hybrid structure are remarkably smaller than that of perfect (6, 6) CNT. In addition, the Young's modulus decreases monotonously with the increase of percentage of GNT. More importantly, the tunable mechanical properties of hybrid structure can be achieved through filling with water molecules and applying an electric field along tensile direction. Specifically, increasing water content from 0.0 to 8.70 mmol g(-1) in the absence of electric field could result in fracture strain and strength reducing by 15.09% and 12.87%, respectively. Besides, enhancing fracture strain and strength of water- filled hybrid structure with water content of 8.70 mmol g(-1) can also be obtained with rising electric field intensity. These findings would provide a valuable theoretical basis for designing and fabricating a nanodevice with controllable mechanical performances.
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