Verification of experimental dynamic strength methods with atomistic ramp-release simulations
AP Moore and JL Brown and H Lim and JMD Lane, PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, 2, 053601 (2018).
Material strength and moduli can be determined from dynamic high- pressure ramp-release experiments using an indirect method of Lagrangian wave profile analysis of surface velocities. This method, termed self- consistent Lagrangian analysis (SCLA), has been difficult to calibrate and corroborate with other experimental methods. Using nonequilibrium molecular dynamics, we validate the SCLA technique by demonstrating that it accurately predicts the same bulk modulus, shear modulus, and strength as those calculated from the full stress tensor data, especially where strain rate induced relaxation effects and wave attenuation are small. We show here that introducing a hold in the loading profile at peak pressure gives improved accuracy in the shear moduli and relaxation-adjusted strength by reducing the effect of wave attenuation. When rate-dependent effects coupled with wave attenuation are large, we find that Lagrangian analysis overpredicts the maximum unload wavespeed, leading to increased error in the measured dynamic shear modulus. These simulations provide insight into the definition of dynamic strength, as well as a plausible explanation for experimental disagreement in reported dynamic strength values.
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