Electrolyte solution transport in electropolar nanotubes

JB Zhao and PJ Culligan and Y Qiao and QL Zhou and YB Li and M Tak and T Park and X Chen, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 22, 315301 (2010).

DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/31/315301

Electrolyte transport in nanochannels plays an important role in a number of emerging areas. Using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations, the fundamental transport behavior of an electrolyte/water solution in a confined model nanoenvironment is systematically investigated by varying the nanochannel dimension, solid phase, electrolyte phase, ion concentration and transport rate. It is found that the shear resistance encountered by the nanofluid strongly depends on these material/system parameters; furthermore, several effects are coupled. The mechanisms of the nanofluidic transport characteristics are explained by considering the unique molecular/ion structure formed inside the nanochannel. The lower shear resistance observed in some of the systems studies could be beneficial for nanoconductors, while the higher shear resistance (or higher effective viscosity) observed in other systems might enhance the performance of energy dissipation devices.

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