Interplay of morphology, composition, and optical properties of InP- based quantum dots emitting at the 1.55 mu m telecom wavelength
C Carmesin and M Schowalter and M Lorke and D Mourad and T Grieb and K Muller-Caspary and M Yacob and JP Reithmaier and M Benyoucef and A Rosenauer and F Jahnke, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 96, 235309 (2017).
Results for the development and detailed analysis of self-organized InAs/InAlGaAs/InP quantum dots suitable for single-photon emission at the 1.55 mu m telecom wavelength are reported. The structural and compositional properties of the system are obtained from high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy of individual quantum dots. The system is composed of almost pure InAs quantum dots embedded in quaternary InAlGaAs barrier material, which is lattice matched to the InP substrate. When using the measured results for a representative quantum-dot geometry as well as experimentally reconstructed alloy concentrations, a combination of strain-field and electronic-state calculations is able to reproduce the quantum-dot emission wavelength in agreement with the experimentally determined photoluminescence spectrum. The inhomogeneous broadening of the latter can be related to calculated variations of the emission wavelength for the experimentally deduced In- concentration fluctuations and size variations.
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