Tuning the band structure of graphene nanoribbons through defect- interaction-driven edge patterning

L Du and TN Nguyen and A Gilman and AR Muniz and D Maroudas, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 96, 245422 (2017).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.245422

We report a systematic analysis of pore-edge interactions in graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) and their outcomes based on first-principles calculations and classical molecular-dynamics simulations. We find a strong attractive interaction between nanopores and GNR edges that drives the pores to migrate toward and coalesce with the GNR edges, which can be exploited to form GNR edge patterns that impact the GNR electronic band structure and tune the GNR band gap. Our analysis introduces a viable physical processing strategy for modifying GNR properties by combining defect engineering and thermal annealing.

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