Void-shape effects on strength properties of nanoporous materials

S Brach and S Cherubini and D Kondo and G Vairo, MECHANICS RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 86, 11-17 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2017.10.009

In this paper, strength properties of nanoporous materials with spheroidal nanocavities are investigated via a Molecular Dynamics approach applied to a nanovoided aluminium single crystal, in the case of a fixed porosity level, and for prolate, oblate and spherical void shapes. Estimates of the effective strength domain are provided, by considering several mechanical loadings including axisymmetric and shear strain-rate states. Void-shape effects are quantified for different values of the void aspect ratio, mainly resulting in an overall weakening of the sample as the spheroidal nanovoid assumes either an oblate or a prolate shape, in comparison to the case of a spherical void. Finally, it is observed that the computed strength profiles exhibit the following specific features: (i) a strong dependence on the hydrostatic, second-order and third-order deviatoric stress invariants, (ii) more significant void-shape effects for triaxial-expansion stress states with a small hydrostatic component, and (iii) a more pronounced influence of the spheroid shape, as the aspect ratio is varied, in the presence of an oblate nanovoid rather than of a prolate one. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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