Removal of Pb(II) Ion Using PAMAM Dendrimer Grafted Graphene and Graphene Oxide Surfaces: A Molecular Dynamics Study

A Kommu and V Velachi and M Natalia and DS Cordeiro and JK Singh, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, 121, 9320-9329 (2017).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b09766

The dendrimer polyamidoamine (PAMAM) has been widely applied in environmental applications as adsorbents for wastewater treatment. In this work, molecular dynamics simulations are conducted to understand the effect of dendrimer grafted graphene and graphene oxide on the structural and dynamical properties of the Pb2+ ion. The adsorption capacity of the metal ion is improved significantly, over 60%, using carboxyl terminal groups of a dendrimer molecule grafted on a graphene oxide surface. We examine the self-diffusion coefficient and residence time of Pb2+ ion near graphene and graphene oxide surfaces grafted with PAMAM dendrimers using terminal groups, -COO- and -OH. Further, the potential of mean force is analyzed to understand the role of different surface groups in enhancing the adsorption of the metal ion.

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