Molecular dynamics study of octane condensation coefficient at room temperature

EK Iskrenova and SS Patnaik, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, 115, 474-481 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.07.064

The condensation coefficient, alpha(c), also called mass accommodation coefficient, of liquid octane, is assumed to be 1.0 in fluid models of thin film evaporation even though it decreases with increasing liquid temperature. The temperature range where alpha(c) =1 is valid, is yet to be fully described. In this work, the condensation coefficient of liquid octane was estimated by employing large scale equilibrium classical molecular dynamics simulations and computing the condensation probability as the ratio of the number of octane molecules that condense in the liquid phase to the number of octane molecules incident at the interface from the gas phase. The effect of the model details on the computed value of the condensation coefficient was explored by using two different parameterizations of the octane molecule, the all-atom OPLS and the united-atom TraPPE force fields. The condensation probabilities were computed in the temperature range from 290 K to 350 K. Bulk properties of liquid octane were also studied via molecular dynamics simulations and the persistent residence times of nearest coordination of octane molecules were determined. At 300 K, the temperature of interest in electronics cooling applications, the united-atom molecular model predicted alpha(c) = 0.96 and the all-atom model predicted alpha(c) = 0.93. No significant temperature dependence of the condensation coefficient was observed within the studied temperature range, therefore, supporting the assumption of alpha(c) = 1.0 at room temperature. The two octane models predicted similar liquid structure and condensation probabilities. Compared to the all-atom molecular model, the united-atom model was found to predict shorter residence times in the first coordination shell of bulk octane molecules. This work extends the computational prediction of octane condensation coefficient into room temperature range. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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