Deformation of water nano-droplets on graphene under the influence of constant and alternative electric fields
M Kargar and A Lohrasebi, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 19, 26833-26838 (2017).
The dynamics of a water nano-droplet on a flexible graphene sheet, in the presence of constant and alternative electric fields with various amplitudes and frequencies, was considered using a molecular dynamics method. It was found that because the water molecules respond to electric field, the nano-droplet elongates in the field direction for a field amplitude larger than 0.08 V angstrom(-1), which is stronger than the predicted value from the Young-Laplace equation. This difference can be described by considering the van der Waals attractions between the droplet molecules and the substrate, which can be calculated by modifying the Young-Laplace equation. Furthermore, under the influence of an alternating field over the GHz frequency range, it was shown that the droplet shape will not change above a threshold frequency, which depends on the relaxation time of the water dipole.
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