High pressures in room evacuation processes and a first approach to the dynamics around unconscious pedestrians

FE Cornes and GA Frank and CO Dorso, PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 484, 282-298 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2017.05.013

Clogging raises as the principal phenomenon during many evacuation processes of pedestrians in an emergency situation. As people push to escape from danger, compression forces may increase to harming levels. Many individuals might fall down, while others will try to dodge the fallen people, or, simply pass through them. We studied the dynamics of the crowd for these situations, in the context of the "social force model". We modeled the unconscious (fallen) pedestrians as inanimate bodies that can be dodged (or not) by the surrounding individuals. We found that new morphological structures appear along the evacuating crowd. Under specific conditions, these structures may enhance the evacuation performance. The pedestrian's willings for either dodging or passing through the unconscious individuals play a relevant role in the overall evacuation performance. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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