Capillary force induced structural deformation in liquid infiltrated elastic circular tubes

Y Yang and YF Gao and DY Sun and M Asta and JJ Hoyt, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 81, 241407 (2010).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.241407

The capillary-induced structural deformation of an elastic circular tube partially filled by a liquid is studied by combining theoretical analysis and molecular-dynamics simulations. The analysis shows that, associated with the deformation, there is a well-defined length scale (elastocapillary length), which exhibits a scaling relationship with the characteristic length of the tube, regardless of the interaction details. We validate this scaling relationship for a carbon nanotube partially filled by liquid iron. The capillary-induced structural transformation could have potential applications for nanodevices.

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