Simulation study of the effect of strain rate on the mechanical properties and tensile deformation of gold nanowire

GJ Shi and JG Wang and ZY Hou and Z Wang and RS Liu, MODERN PHYSICS LETTERS B, 31, 1750247 (2017).

DOI: 10.1142/S0217984917502475

The mechanical properties and deformation mechanisms of Au nanowire during the tensile processes at different strain rates are revealed by the molecular dynamics method. It is found that the Au nanowire displays three distinct types of mechanical behaviors when tensioning at low, medium and high strain rates, respectively. At the low strain rate, the stress strain curve displays a periodic zigzag increase decrease feature, and the plastic deformation is resulted from the slide of dislocation. The dislocations nucleate, propagate, and finally annihilate in every decreasing stages of stress, and the nanowire always can recover to FCC-ordered structure. At the medium strain rate, the stress strain curve gently decreases during the plastic process, and the deformation is contributed from sliding and twinning. The dislocations formed in the yield stage do not fully propagate and further escape from the nanowire. At the high strain rate, the stress-strain curve wave-like oscillates during the plastic process, and the deformation is resulted from amorphization. The FCC atoms quickly transform into disordered amorphous structure in the yield stage. The relative magnitude between the loading velocity of strain and the propagation velocity of phonons determines the different deformation mechanisms. The mechanical behavior of Au nanowire is similar to Ni, Cu and Pt nanowires, but their deformation mechanisms are not completely identical with each other.

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