How precise can atoms of a nanocluster be located in 3D using a tilt series of scanning transmission electron microscopy images?

M Alania and A De Backer and I Lobato and FF Krause and D Van Dyck and A Rosenauer and S Van Aert, ULTRAMICROSCOPY, 181, 134-143 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2016.12.013

In this paper, we investigate how precise atoms of a small nanocluster can ultimately be located in three dimensions (3D) from a tilt series of images acquired using annular dark field (ADF) scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Therefore, we derive an expression for the statistical precision with which the 3D atomic position coordinates can be estimated in a quantitative analysis. Evaluating this statistical precision as a function of the microscope settings also allows us to derive the optimal experimental design. In this manner, the optimal angular tilt range, required electron dose, optimal detector angles, and number of projection images can be determined. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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