Photonic band structure of diamond colloidal crystals in a cholesteric liquid crystal

S Changizrezaei and C Denniston, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 96, 032702 (2017).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.96.032702

In this paper, we demonstrate the presence of a photonic band gap for a diamond lattice structure made of particles with normal anchoring inside a cholesteric liquid crystal. As is typical for liquid crystals (LCs), there is considerable contrast between the dielectric constant parallel is an element of(parallel to) and perpendicular is an element of(perpendicular to) to the director, with is an element of(parallel to)/is an element of(perpendicular to) similar to 4 here. It is shown that the size of the photonic band gap is directly related to the size of colloidal particles and the contrast between the dielectric constant in the particles and the extreme values of is an element of in the LC medium (one needs either is an element of in the particle much smaller than is an element of(perpendicular to) or much bigger than is an element of(parallel to)). No opening is seen in the band diagrams for small particles. For larger particles a partial gap opens when the particles are composed of very low dielectric material but never a complete gap. On the other hand, a complete gap starts to be revealed when the size of the colloidal particles is increased and when a high dielectric constant is used for filling inside the particles. The maximum size of the gap is observed when the particles are large enough so that their surfaces overlap.

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