Effect of Crystal Orientation on Femtosecond Laser-Induced Thermomechanical Responses and Spallation Behaviors of Copper Films
QL Xiong and ZH Li and T Kitamura, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7, 9218 (2017).
Ultrafast thermomechanical responses and spallation behaviours of monocrystal copper films irradiated by femtosecond laser pulse are investigated using molecular dynamics simulation (MDS). Films with < 100 >, < 110 > and < 111 > crystal orientations along the thickness direction were studied. The results show that the crystal orientation has a significant effect on femtosecond laser-induced thermomechanical responses and spallation behaviors of monocrystal copper films. The discrepancy between normal stresses in copper films with different crystal orientation leads to distinct differences in lattice temperature. Moreover, the copper films with different crystal orientations present distinct spallation behaviors, including structural melting (atomic splashing) and fracture. The melting depth of < 100 > copper film is lower than that of < 110 > and < 111 > copper films for the same laser intensity. The dislocations and slip bands are formed and propagate from the solid-liquid interface of < 110 > and < 111 > copper films, while these phenomena do not appear in < 100 > copper film. Additionally, numerous slip bands are generated in the non-irradiated surface region of copper films due to reflection of mechanical stress. These slip bands can finally evolve into cracks (nanovoids) with time, which further result in the fracture of the entire films.
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