Size effect on interlayer shear between graphene sheets

ST Wang and YL Chen and Y Ma and Z Wang and JY Zhang, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 122, 074301 (2017).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4997607

Interlayer shear between graphene sheets plays an important role in graphene-based materials and devices, but the effect of in-plane deformation of graphene, which may depend on the graphene size, has not been fully understood. In this paper, the size effect on interlayer shear behavior between two graphene sheets is studied based on a non- linear shear-lag model with energy barrier analysis, in which both the lattice registry effect and the elastic deformation of graphene are taken into account, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are carried out to verify the model. Both theoretical prediction and MD simulations show that the maximum interlayer shear force of short graphene sheets increases with the graphene length and width. However, if the sheet length is beyond 20 nm, the maximum shear force cannot be further increased by increasing the graphene length due to the non-uniform relative displacement between graphene layers, which is caused by the in-plane deformation of graphene. The upper bound of the maximum shear force per unit graphene width is obtained analytically as a constant 5.6 N/m, suggesting that a small force can pull an infinite long graphene belt to slide on a graphene substrate. This study offers useful information for design and manufacture of graphene-based nano-devices and materials. Published by AIP Publishing.

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