Diffusion mechanisms of C in 100, 110 and 111 Fe surfaces studied using kinetic activation-relaxation technique
OA Restrepo and CS Becquart and F El-Mellouhi and O Bouhali and N Mousseau, ACTA MATERIALIA, 136, 303-314 (2017).
The physics of Fe-C surface interactions is of fundamental importance to phenomena such as corrosion, catalysis, synthesis of graphene, new steels, etc. To better understand this question, we perform an extensive characterization of the energy landscape for carbon diffusion from bulk to surfaces for bcc iron at low C concentration. C diffusion mechanisms over the three main Fe-surfaces - (100), (110) and (111) - are studied computationally using the kinetic activation-relaxation technique (k-ART), an off-lattice kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm. Migration and adsorption energies on surfaces as well as absorption energies into the subsurfaces are predicted and then compared to density functional theory (DFT) and experiment. The energy landscape along C-diffusion pathways from bulk to surface is constructed allowing a more extensive characterization of the diffusion pathways between surface and subsurface. In particular, effective migration energies from (100), (110) and (111) surfaces, to the bulk octahedral site are found to be around similar to 1.6 eV, similar to 1.2 eV and similar to 13 eV respectively suggesting that C insertion into the bulk cannot take place in pure crystalline Fe, irrespective of the exposed surface. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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