Molecular dynamics simulation of irradiation damage of SiC/Gra/SiC composites
C Zhang and HZ Song and F Mao and CJ Wang and DQ Wang and FS Zhang, NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 406, 470-474 (2017).
Silicon carbide fiber-reinforced silicon carbide matrix composites have been investigated for their use as structural materials for advanced nuclear reactor. Although quite a number of researches have been devoted to probe the effects of irradiation on various properties of the composites, there is little known about the atomistic mechanism for irradiation resistance. In this study, a two-temperature model has been used to investigate the irradiation damage of SiC/Gra/SiC composites, which includes three parts and two SiC/C interfaces, two single crystal cubic silicon carbide on two sides and a few graphene sheets in the middle part. By simulating 100 keV displacement cascades, we find that the number of defects in the reinforcement is larger than that in the matrix, which indicates the damage in the reinforcement is more serious than that in the matrix. Moreover, we explicitly investigate the damage behavior of the interphase graphene layers and find that some atoms in one graphene sheet form many new chemical bonds with atoms in another one, which leads to the transition from sp(2) to sp(3) hybridization. The newly formed chemical bonds link the different graphene layers and make graphene-like electronic structure more "diamond-like", enhancing the irradiation resistance of the matrix. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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