Shear-coupled grain-boundary migration dependence on normal strain/stress

N Combe and F Mompiou and M Legros, PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, 1, 033605 (2017).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.033605

In specific conditions, grain-boundary (GB) migration occurs in polycrystalline materials as an alternative vector of plasticity compared to the usual dislocation activity. The shear-coupled GB migration, the expected most efficient GB based mechanism, couples the GB motion to an applied shear stress. Stresses on GB in polycrystalline materials seldom have, however, a unique pure shear component. This work investigates the influence of a normal strain on the shear coupled migration of a Sigma 13(320)001 GB in a copper bicrystal using atomistic simulations. We show that the yield shear stress inducing the GB migration strongly depends on the applied normal stress. Beyond, the application of a normal stress on this GB qualitatively modifies the GB migration: while the Sigma 13(320)001 GB shear couples following the < 110 > migration mode without normal stress, we report the observation of the < 010 > mode under a sufficiently high tensile normal stress. Using the nudge elastic band method, we uncover the atomistic mechanism of this < 010 > migration mode and energetically characterize it.

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