Molecular Dynamics Modeling and Simulation of Diamond Cutting of Cerium

JJ Zhang and HB Zheng and MB Shuai and Y Li and Y Yang and T Sun, NANOSCALE RESEARCH LETTERS, 12, 464 (2017).

DOI: 10.1186/s11671-017-2235-1

The coupling between structural phase transformations and dislocations induces challenges in understanding the deformation behavior of metallic cerium at the nanoscale. In the present work, we elucidate the underlying mechanism of cerium under ultra-precision diamond cutting by means of molecular dynamics modeling and simulations. The molecular dynamics model of diamond cutting of cerium is established by assigning empirical potentials to describe atomic interactions and evaluating properties of two face-centered cubic cerium phases. Subsequent molecular dynamics simulations reveal that dislocation slip dominates the plastic deformation of cerium under the cutting process. In addition, the analysis based on atomic radial distribution functions demonstrates that there are trivial phase transformations from the gamma-Ce to the delta-Ce occurred in both machined surface and formed chip. Following investigations on machining parameter dependence reveal the optimal machining conditions for achieving high quality of machined surface of cerium.

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