Room evacuation through two contiguous exits

IM Sticco and GA Frank and S Cerrotta and CO Dorso, PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 474, 172-185 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2017.01.079

Current regulations demand that at least two exits should be available for a safe evacuation during a panic situation. The second exit is expected to reduce the overall clogging, and consequently, improve the evacuation time. However, rooms having contiguous doors not always reduce the leaving time as expected. We investigated the relation between the door's separation and the evacuation performance. We found that there exists a separation distance range that does not really improve the evacuation time, or it can even worsen the process performance. To our knowledge, no attention has been given to this issue in the literature. This work reports how the pedestrian's dynamics differ when the separation distance between two exit doors changes and how this affects the overall performance. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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