Molecular dynamic simulation study of plasma etching L1(0) FePt media in embedded mask patterning (EMP) process

JX Zhu and P Quarterman and JP Wang, AIP ADVANCES, 7, 056507 (2017).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4977223

Plasma etching process of single-crystal L1(0)-FePt media H. Wang et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(5) (2013) is studied using molecular dynamic simulation. Embedded-Atom Method M. S. Daw and M. I. Baskes, Phy. Rev. B 29, 6443 (1984); X. W. Zhou, R. A. Johnson and H. N. G. Wadley, Phy. Rev. B 69, 144113 (2004) is used to calculate the interatomic potential within atoms in FePt alloy, and ZBL potential J.F. Ziegler, J. P. Biersack and U. Littmark, "The Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter," Volume 1, Pergamon, 1985 in comparison with conventional Lennard-Jones "12-6" potential is applied to interactions between etching gas ions and metal atoms. It is shown the post-etch structure defects can include amorphized surface layer and lattice interstitial point defects that caused by etchant ions passed through the surface layer. We show that the amorphized or damaged FePt lattice surface layer (or "magnetic dead- layer") thickness after etching increases with ion energy for Ar ion impacts, but significantly small for He ions at up to 250eV ion energy. However, we showed that He sputtering creates more interstitial defects at lower energy levels and defects are deeper below the surface compared to Ar sputtering. We also calculate the interstitial defect level and depth as dependence on ion energy for both Ar and He ions. Media magnetic property loss due to these defects is also discussed. (C) 2017 Author(s).

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