Temperature and orientation effects on the deformation mechanisms of alpha-Fe micropillars

AB Hagen and BD Snartland and C Thaulow, ACTA MATERIALIA, 129, 398-407 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2017.03.006

In-situ uniaxial compression tests on 010 and 011 alpha-Fe pillars have been conducted at room temperature and -75 degrees C to study the mechanical response with focus on temperature and orientation effect. All pillars exhibit larger yield stresses and hardening at 75 degrees C. We attribute this phenomenon to the non-planarity of screw dislocations in bcc crystals and the larger contribution of screw dislocations in governing the micro-scale plasticity at lower temperatures, similar to what is common for many bcc metals. We employ molecular dynamics to simulate the compression process to elucidate the underlying dislocation mechanisms. Nanopillars deformed on the 011 orientation deform via twinning at both temperatures, while the plastic deformation behavior for 010 pillars are governed by intense dislocation activity. In addition, 011 nanopillars withstand higher stresses before yielding, in agreement with the compression experimental results. TEM examinations are also reported and reveal that temperature clearly influence the residual dislocation structure. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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