restart 0 restart N root restart N file1 file2
restart 0 restart 1000 poly.restart restart 1000 restart.*.equil restart 10000 poly.%.1 poly.%.2 restart v_mystep poly.restart
Write out a binary restart file every so many timesteps, in either or both of two modes, as a run proceeds. A value of 0 means do not write out any restart files. The two modes are as follows. If one filename is specified, a series of filenames will be created which include the timestep in the filename. If two filenames are specified, only 2 restart files will be created, with those names. LAMMPS will toggle between the 2 names as it writes successive restart files.
Note that you can specify the restart command twice, once with a single filename and once with two filenames. This would allow you, for example, to write out archival restart files every 100000 steps using a single filenname, and more frequent temporary restart files every 1000 steps, using two filenames. Using restart 0 will turn off both modes of output.
Similar to dump files, the restart filename(s) can contain two wild-card characters.
If a "*" appears in the single filename, it is replaced with the current timestep value. This is only recognized when a single filename is used (not when toggling back and forth). Thus, the 3rd example above creates restart files as follows: restart.1000.equil, restart.2000.equil, etc. If a single filename is used with no "*", then the timestep value is appended. E.g. the 2nd example above creates restart files as follows: poly.restart.1000, poly.restart.2000, etc.
If a "%" character appears in the restart filename(s), then one file is written for each processor and the "%" character is replaced with the processor ID from 0 to P-1. An additional file with the "%" replaced by "base" is also written, which contains global information. For example, the files written on step 1000 for filename restart.% would be restart.base.1000, restart.0.1000, restart.1.1000, ..., restart.P-1.1000. This creates smaller files and can be a fast mode of output and subsequent input on parallel machines that support parallel I/O.
Restart files are written on timesteps that are a multiple of N but not on the first timestep of a run or minimization. You can use the write_restart command to write a restart file before a run begins. A restart file is not written on the last timestep of a run unless it is a multiple of N. A restart file is written on the last timestep of a minimization if N > 0 and the minimization converges.
Instead of a numeric value, N can be specifed as an equal-style variable, which should be specified as v_name, where name is the variable name. In this case, the variable is evaluated at the beginning of a run to determine the next timestep at which a restart file will be written out. On that timestep, the variable will be evaluated again to determine the next timestep, etc. Thus the variable should return timestep values. See the stagger() and logfreq() and stride() math functions for equal-style variables, as examples of useful functions to use in this context. Other similar math functions could easily be added as options for equal-style variables.
For example, the following commands will write restart files every step from 1100 to 1200, and could be useful for debugging a simulation where something goes wrong at step 1163:
variable s equal stride(1100,1200,1) restart v_s tmp.restart
See the read_restart command for information about what is stored in a restart file.
Restart files can be read by a read_restart command to restart a simulation from a particular state. Because the file is binary (to enable exact restarts), it may not be readable on another machine. In this case, the restart2data program in the tools directory can be used to convert a restart file to an ASCII data file. Both the read_restart command and restart2data tool can read in a restart file that was written with the "%" character so that multiple files were created.