Static properties of polymer melts in two dimensions
Meyer, H (Meyer, H.); Wittmer, JP (Wittmer, J. P.); Kreer, T (Kreer, T.); Johner, A (Johner, A.); Baschnagel, J (Baschnagel, J.)
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 132 (18): Art. No. 184904 MAY 14 2010
Self-avoiding polymers in strictly two-dimensional (d=2) melts are investigated by means of molecular dynamics simulation of a standard bead-spring model with chain lengths ranging up to N=2048. The chains adopt compact configurations of typical size R(N) similar to N-nu with nu=1/d. The precise measurement of various distributions of internal chain distances allows a direct test of the contact exponents Theta(0)=3/8, Theta(1)=1/2, and Theta(2)=3/4 predicted by Duplantier. Due to the segregation of the chains the ratio of end-to-end distance R-e(N) and gyration radius R-g(N) becomes R-e(2)(N)/R-g(2)(N) approximate to 5.3 < 6 for N >> 100 and the chains are more spherical than Gaussian phantom chains. The second Legendre polynomial P-2(s) of the bond vectors decays as P-2(s) similar to 1/s(2)(1+nu Theta), thus measuring the return probability of the chain after s steps. The irregular chain contours are shown to be characterized by a perimeter length L(N) similar to R(N)(d)(p) of fractal line dimension d(p)=d-Theta(2)=5/4. In agreement with the generalized Porod scattering of compact objects with fractal contour, the Kratky representation of the intramolecular structure factor F(q) reveals a strong nonmonotonous behavior with q(d)F(q) similar to 1/(qR(N))(Theta)(2) in the intermediate regime of the wave vector q. This may allow to confirm the predicted contour fractality in a real experiment.
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