First-principles and classical molecular dynamics simulation of shocked polymers
TR Mattsson and JMD Lane and KR Cochrane and MP Desjarlais and AP Thompson and F Pierce and GS Grest, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 81, 054103 (2010).
Density functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics (MD) and classical MD simulations of the principal shock Hugoniot are presented for two hydrocarbon polymers, polyethylene (PE) and poly (4-methyl-1-pentene) (PMP). DFT results are in excellent agreement with experimental data, which is currently available up to 80 GPa. Further, we predict the PE and PMP Hugoniots up to 350 and 200 GPa, respectively. For comparison, we studied two reactive and two nonreactive interaction potentials. For the latter, the exp-6 interaction of Borodin et al. showed much better agreement with experiment than OPLS. For the reactive force fields, ReaxFF displayed decidedly better agreement than AIREBO. For shocks above 50 GPa, only the DFT results are of high fidelity, establishing DFT as a reliable method for shocked macromolecular systems.
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