Effect of a Single Nanoparticle on the Contact Line Motion
YQ Li and HA Wu and FC Wang, LANGMUIR, 32, 12676-12685 (2016).
In this paper, we use a single nanoparticle (NP) to achieve active control of the droplet contact line. When the droplet is out of equilibrium, the resulting excess free energy provides the driving force for the depinning of the contact line and the NP. There are three ways to increase the energy barriers to be surmounted and to realize the pinning of the contact line, namely, the enhancement of the interactions between the NP and the substrate, the increase in substrate hydrophilicity, and the reduction in the NP hydrophilicity. On this basis, we obtained three styles of contact line motion including complete slipping, alternate pinning depinning, and complete pinning and theoretically interpreted them. The basic theory presented in this paper can be applied to explain and regulate the dynamics of the contact line involved in many physical processes such as evaporation and spreading.
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