Moderate bending strain induced semiconductor to metal transition in Si nanowires
MG Rabbani and SR Patil and MP Anantram, SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 31, 125019 (2016).
A moderate amount of bending strains, similar to 3% is found to be enough to induce the semiconductor-metal transition in Si nanowires of similar to 4 nm diameter. The influence of bending on silicon nanowires of 1 nm to 4.3 nm diameter is investigated using molecular dynamics and quantum transport simulations. Local strains in nanowires are analyzed along with the effect of bending strain and nanowire diameter on electronic transport and the transmission energy gap. Interestingly, relatively wider nanowires are found to undergo semiconductor- metal transition at relatively lower bending strains. The effect of bending strain on electronic properties is then compared with the conventional way of straining, i.e. uniaxial, which shows that bending is a much more efficient way of straining to enhance the electronic transport and also to induce the semiconductor- metal transition in experimentally realizable Si nanowires.
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