Density functional theory calculations of the stress of oxidised (110) silicon surfaces
C Melis and S Giordano and L Colombo and G Mana, METROLOGIA, 53, 1339-1345 (2016).
The measurement of the lattice-parameter of silicon by x-ray interferometry assumes the use of strain-free crystals. This might not be the case because surface relaxation, reconstruction, and oxidation cause strains without the application of any external force. In a previous work, this intrinsic strain was estimated by a finite element analysis, where the surface stress was modeled by an elastic membrane having a 1 N m(-1) tensile strength. The present paper quantifies the surface stress by a density functional theory calculation. We found a value exceeding the nominal value used, which potentially affects the measurement accuracy.
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