Decorated granular layers for impact decimation
M Tiwari and TRK Mohan and S Sen, GRANULAR MATTER, 18, 45 (2016).
We present dynamical simulations and simple mechanics arguments to propose a system of stacked blocks of square lattices of elastic spheres that can be used to decimate an incident impulse. Mass mismatch between adjacent blocks is accomplished by making the sphere radius in the upper block twice that of the lower block. The system decimates impact energies by converting the initial impulse into two solitary waves and then progressively into many smaller amplitude solitary waves. We also show that near perfect impact decimation capability can be realized with increased mass mismatch between adjacent blocks by creating sandwiched structures in which a block with smaller density spheres is surrounded on both sides with blocks of denser spheres. The proposed systems are expected to be scalable down to spheres of similar to 100nm and work for solid and hollow spheres.
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